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Table 1 Asia-Pacific region sources identified for the PVAHA

From: Probabilistic Volcanic Ash Hazard Analysis (PVAHA) II: assessment of the Asia-Pacific region using VAPAH

Sub-region Country Sources
A Papua New Guinea Bagana, Baluan, Bam, Bamus, Billy Mitchell, Dakataua, Garbuna Group, Karkar, Lamington, Langila, Lolobau, Long Island, Manam, Pago, Rabaul, Ritter Island, St. Andrew Strait, Ulawun, Victory, Waiowa
Vanuatu Ambrym, Aoba, Epi, Gaua, Kuwae, Lopevi, Suretamatai, Traitor’s Head
Solomon Is. Tinakula
B Philippines Ambalatungan Group, Babuyan Claro, Biliran, Bulusan, Cagua, Camiguin, Didicas, Jolo, Kanlaon, Makaturing, Mayon, Musuan, Parker, Pinatubo, Ragang, Taal
C Japan Adatara, Akagi, Akan, Akita-Komaga-take, Akita-Yake-yama, Aoga-shima, Asama, Aso, Azuma, Bandai, Chokai, E-san, Fuji, Hachijo-jima, Hakkoda Group, Hakone, Haku-san, Haruna, Hiuchi, Ibusuki Volcanic Field, Ioto [Iwo-jima], Iwaki, Iwate, Iwo-Tori-shima, Izu-Tobu, Kikai, Kirishima, Kita-Iwo-jima, Komaga-take, Kozu-shima, Kuchinoerabu-jima, Kuju, Kurikoma, Kusatsu-Shirane, Kuttara, Mashu, Miyake-jima, Myoko, Nakano-shima, Nasu, Niigata-Yake-yama, Nii-jima, Nikko-Shirane, Nipesotsu-Maruyama, Nishino-shima, Norikura, Numazawa, On-take, Oshima, Rausu, Sakura-jima, Sanbe, Shikotsu, Shiretoko-Iwo-zan, Sofugan, Sumiyoshi-ike, Suwanose-jima, Takahara, Tate-yama, Tokachi, Tori-shima, Towada, Tsurumi, Unzen, Usu, Yake-dake, Yokoate-jima, Zao
D Indonesia Agung, Arjuno-Welirang, Awu Banda Api, Batu Tara, Batur, Besar, Bur ni Telong, Cereme, Colo [Una Una], Dempo, Dieng Volcanic Complex, Dukono, Ebulobo, Egon, Galunggung, Gamalama, Gamkonora, Gede, Guntur, Ibu, Ijen, Iliboleng, Iliwerung, Inielika, Iya, Kaba, Karangetang [Api Siau], Kelimutu, Kelut, Kerinci, Krakatau, Lamongan, Lawu, Leroboleng, Lewotobi, Lewotolo, Lokon-Empung, Mahawu, Makian, Marapi, Merapi, Merbabu, Nila, Paluweh, Papandayan, Perbakti-Gagak, Peuet Sague, Ranakah, Raung, Rinjani, Ruang, Salak, Sangeang Api, Semeru, Serua, Seulawah Agam, Sinabung, Sirung, Slamet, Soputan, Sorikmarapi, Sumbing, Sundoro, Suoh, Talakmau, Talang, Tambora, Tandikat, Tangkubanparahu, Tengger Caldera, Teon, Tongkoko, Wurlali
E New Zealand Late, Macauley Island, Mayor Island, Okataina, Raoul Island, Ruapehu, Taranaki, Taupo, Tongariro, White Island
Samoa Savai’i
Tonga Fonualei, Niuafo’ou, Tofua
Fiji Taveuni
F Russia (Kamchatka and the Kuriles) Akademia Nauk, Alaid, Alney-Chashakondzha, Atsonupuri, Avachinsky, Bakening, Baransky, Berutarube, Bezymianny, Bliznetsy, Bolshoi-Kekuknaysky, Chikurachki, Chirinkotan, Chirip, Chirpoi, Ebeko, Ekarma, Elovsky, Fuss Peak, Golovnin, Gorely, Goriaschaia Sopka, Gorny Institute, Grozny Group, Ichinsky, Ilyinsky, Karymsky, Ketoi, Khangar, Kharimkotan, Khodutka, Kikhpinych, Kinenin, Kizimen, Kliuchevskoi, Kolokol Group, Komarov, Koryaksky, Koshelev, Kostakan, Krasheninnikov, Kronotsky, Ksudach, Kunlun Volcanic Group, Kurile Lake, Lvinaya Past, Maly Semiachik, Medvezhia, Mendeleev, Mutnovsky, Nemo Peak, Opala, Prevo Peak, Raikoke, Rasshua, Sarychev Peak, Shiveluch, Sinarka, Tao-Rusyr Caldera, Tiatia, Tolbachik, Tolmachev Dol, Ushishur, Ushkovsky, Veer, Vilyuchik, Vysoky, Zavaritsky, Zavaritzki Caldera, Zheltovsky, Zhupanovsky
China Changbaishan
Korea Ulreung
Taiwan Kueishantao
  1. Sources highlighted in bold were assigned proxy values for annual rate of occurrence