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Table 3 Seven largest incidents in terms of loss of life (not including indirect or seismicity-related fatal causes)

From: Volcanic fatalities database: analysis of volcanic threat with distance and victim classification

Volcano name Year Number of fatalities Fatal cause
Krakatau, Indonesia 1883 36,000 Tsunami
Pelée, Martinique 1902 28,000 PDCs
Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia 1985 24,000 Lahars
Tambora, Indonesia 1815 12,000 Multiple (PDCs, Tephra, Tsunami)
Unzendake, Japan 1792 10,139 Tsunami
Kelut, Indonesia 1586 10,000 Lahars
Kelut, Indonesia 1919 5110 Lahars
  1. The largest incidents are those with over 5000 fatalities