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Table 5 Fatalities due to quiescent volcanic gas emission

From: Volcanic fatalities database: analysis of volcanic threat with distance and victim classification

Volcano, Country Year Fatalities Fatal distance from volcano (from gas source) References
Oku Volcanic Field, Cameroon (Lake Nyos) 1986 >1565 villagers:
1196
300
52
17
33 km (2.5 km)
30 km (11 km)
38 km (7 km)
40 km (13 km)
1
Oku Volcanic Field, Cameroon (Lake Monoun) 1984 37 villagers 74 km (1.1 km) 2
Karthala, Comoros 1903 17 camping <10 km 3
Kusatsu-Shiranesan, Japan 1971 6 skiers ? 4, 5
Rabaul, Papua New Guinea 1990 3 gathering eggs
3 retrieving bodies
<1 km 6
Salak, Indonesia 2007 6 campers <1 km 7
Adatara, Japan 1996 4 hikers In crater 8
Kusatsu-Shiransan, Japan 1976 3 hikers/climbers 2.3 km 4
Hakkoda Group, Japan 1997 3 soldiers <10 km 4
Mammoth Mountain, USA 2006 3 ski patrollers (inc. one during rescue) <1 km (in vent) 9
Hakoneyama, Japan 1951 2 bathers ? 10
Daisetsu, Japan 1958 2 climbers <1 km 4
Daisetsu, Japan 1961 2 climbers <1 km 4
Rotorua, New Zealand 1962 2 residents ? 11
Midagahara, Japan 1967 2 campers ? 4, 10
Hakoneyama, Japan 1972 2 (unknown) ? 10
Vulcano, Italy 1980s 2 children ? 12
Rotorua, New Zealand 1987 2 tourists ? 11
Kirishimayama, Japan 1989 2 bathers ? 10
Asosan, Japan 1997 2 tourists 0.1 km 13
Nasudake, Japan 1919 2 (unknown)
1 (unknown)
? 10
Rotorua, New Zealand 1946 1 bather ? 11
Rotorua, New Zealand 1948 1 in sewer ? 11
Hakoneyama, Japan 1952 1 bather ? 10
Rotorua, New Zealand 1954 1 digging hole
1 bather
1 in septic tank
?
?
?
11
Midagahara, Japan 1954 1 bather ? 10
Rotorua, New Zealand 1962 1 unknown ? 11
Naruko, Japan 1969 1 bather ? 10
Midagahara, Japan 1970 1 in cabin ? 10
Midagahara, Japan 1972 1 spa worker ? 10
Midagahara, Japan 1975 1 (unknown) ? 10
Midagahara, Japan 1985 1 (unknown) ? 10
Akita-Yakeyama 1986 1 (unknown) ? 10
Asosan, Japan 1989 1 tourist <250 m 13
Asosan, Japan 1990 1 tourist <250 m 13
Asosan, Japan 1990 1 tourist <250 m 13
Dieng Volcanic Complex, Indonesia 1992 1 (unknown) 3 km 14
Asosan, Japan 1994 1 tourist <250 m 13
Mammoth Mountain, USA 1998 1 skier 2.2 km (in zone of diffuse degassing) 15
Rotorua, New Zealand 2000 1 tourist ? 11
Rotorua, New Zealand 2003 1 bather 6.5 (within caldera) 16
Rotorua, New Zealand 2007 1 bather/tourist 7.2 (within caldera) 17
Rotorua, New Zealand 2008 1 bather/tourist 7.3 (within caldera) 17
Rotorua, New Zealand 2013 1 bather/tourist 7.7 (within caldera) 18
  1. Data from fatalities database and 1) Barberi et al. (1989); 2) Sigurdsson et al. (1987); 3) Blong (1984); 4) Japan Meteorological Agency Fatality Database (2013); 5) NCAVJ; 6) GVP (1990); 7) GVP (2007); 8) GVP (1997); 9) Cantrell and Young (2009); 10) Hayakawa (1999); 11) Collins (2003); 12) Granieri et al. (2014); 13) Ng’Walali et al. (1999); 14) GVP (1992b); 15) Hill (2000); 16) Brown (2003); 17) Bassindale and Hosking (2011); 18) Bathgate (2016). Distance data Oku Volcanic Field is given both for the distance from the volcano coordinates and distance from the source of gas