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Table 1 Climatic and tephra characteristics of each case study (Peel et al. 2007; Reckziegel et al. 2016; Villarosa et al. 2016; Romero et al. 2016; van Eaton et al. 2016). CfB and CsB are codes within the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system

From: Tephra clean-up after the 2015 eruption of Calbuco volcano, Chile: a quantitative geospatial assessment in four communities

Characteristic Ensenada, Chile Villa La Angostura, Argentina San Martín de los Andes, Argentina Junín de los Andes, Argentina
Köppen-Geiger climate classification CfB: Warm summers and no dry season CfB: Warm summers and no dry season CsB: dry and warm summers CsB: dry and warm summers
Distance from Calbuco (km) 13 100 170 200
Measured tephra thickness (cm) 11–17 near village centre, 1–35 in surrounding inhabited areas 0.2–0.3 0.5–3 0.9–3+
Isopach thickness (cm, interpolated from Fig. 1) 10–20 near village centre, 0.1–55 in surrounding inhabited areas 1–2 2–3 3+
Grain size φ Polymodal, identified modes: − 2 (4 mm), − 1 (2 mm), 0 (1 mm) Bimodal, identified modes: 3 (0.1 mm), 5 (0.02 mm) Bimodal, identified modes: 4 (0.06 mm), 5 (0.02) Bimodal, identified modes: 4 (0.06 mm), 5 (0.02 mm)