Skip to main content

Table 7 Table summarising basaltic lava flow events at Karthala that have threatened inhabited areas since 1950

From: Lava flow crises in inhabited areas part I: lessons learned and research gaps related to effusive, basaltic eruptions

Eruption Overview, including impacts (Eruption duration) Response Recovery & Preparation for subsequent eruptions
1977 A 200-m long fissure opened on the southwestern flank at 360 m asl. The resulting ‘a’ā lava flow bifurcated with each branch partially destroying Singani and M’Djoyesi. The two branches merged at lower elevations before advancing to the sea. (1 day) This eruption prompted the evacuation of more than 4000 people, primarily in the damaged villages. Villagers 1 km from the eruptive vent did not evacuate initially. Villagers returned several weeks after the eruption to find their mosques had not been damaged. The villages were subsequently rebuilt. This eruption is celebrated annually on 5 April.
  1. Bachelery et al. (2016), Morin and Lavigne (2009), Mossoux et al. (2019), Krafft (1982)