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Table 2 Building damage estimates used in this study based on work by Zuccaro (2004) and Zuccaro et al. (2008). Type A is the most vulnerable building type and D is the least vulnerable building type. The damage levels are: zero = no damage, 1 = light damage, 2 = moderate damage, 3 = major damage, 4 = partial collapse and 5 = total collapse

From: Volcanic unrest scenarios and impact assessment at Campi Flegrei caldera, Southern Italy

Impact zones Distance from centre (km) MMI Damage level % damage for different building types
A
Type
B
Type
C
Type
D
Type
Zones 3 & 4 1–2 km VI 0 23 40 48 85
1 40 40 37 15
2 25 16 12 0
3 10 4 3 0
4 2 0 0 0
5 0 0 0 0
Zones 1 & 2 <  1 km VII 0 7 27 40 74
1 22 40 37 22
2 36 23 17 3
3 23 7 5 1
4 10 3 1 0
5 2 0 0 0