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Table 7 Incidents in which volcanologists or field scientists died

From: Volcanic fatalities database: analysis of volcanic threat with distance and victim classification

Volcano, Country Year Fatalities include: Fatal cause Fatal distance Reference
Bayonnaise Rocks, Japan 1952 7 scientists and 24 crew ? – Ship sunk Over dome 1, 2
Galeras, Colombia 1993 6 volcanologists Ballistics In crater 3
Kelut, Indonesia 1951 3 from Department of Volcanology Lahar? Crater observatory, <6.5 km 4, 5
Unzendake, Japan 1991 3 volcanologists PDCs 4 km 6
St.Helens, U.S.A. 1980 2 volcano watchers
1 volcanologist
1 volcanology PhD student
PDCs 7 km
8.6 km
10.5 km
7, 8
Azuma, Japan 1893 2 geologists Ballistics Crater rim 1
Awu, Indonesia 1966 2 volcano officers Pyroclastic flows or lahars <5 km? 4
Karkar, Papua New Guinea 1979 2 volcanologists Ballistics ~0.8 km 9
Guagua Pichincha, Ecuador 1993 2 volcanologists ? – Phreatic explosion Dome rim 10
Semeru, Indonesia 2000 2 volcanologists Ballistics ~0.3 km 11
Papandayan, Indonesia 1923 1 volcano observer Gas ?  
Merapi, Indonesia 1930 1 volcano observer PDCs <15 km 12
Hekla, Iceland 1947 1 scientist Lava <10 km 13, 14
Mutnovsky, Russia 1960 1 geology student Indirect ?  
Klyuchevskoi, Russia 1977 1 glaciologist Ballistics Near summit  
Klyuchevskoi, Russia 1982 1 geophysicist Ballistics 3.5–4 km  
El Chichón, Mexico 1982 1 geologist PDCs 5 km 15
Lokon-empung, Indonesia 1991 1 volcanologist Ballistics Near crater 16
Kilauea, U.S.A. 1992 1 volunteer US Fish & Wildlife Service Indirect 0.8 km 17
Raoul, New Zealand 2006 1 from Department of Conservation ?- Eruption <1 km 18
  1. Data from fatalities database and additionally 1) Japan Meteorological Agency Fatality Database (2013); 2) Minakami (1956); 3) Baxter and Gresham (1997); 4) CVGHM (2014); 5) Bourdier et al. (1997); 6) Nakada (1999); 7) Olson (2016); 8) Hunter (2012a); 9) Johnson (2013); 10) GVP (1993); 11) GVP (2000); 12) Thouret et al. (2000); 13) Walker (1973); 14) Thorarinsson (1950); 15) GVP (1982); 16) GVP (1991); 17) Seattle Times (1992); 18) GVP (2006)